The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR or CEF for short) standardizes guidelines for learners of foreign languages. RIA Institute of Technology follows these guidelines. The level classified by CERF are as follows:
A1 for beginners, A2 for elementary, B1 for intermediate, B2 for upper intermediate, C1 as advanced, and C2 as mastery.
In here we also do the same. Courses are divided according to the international rules and according to the time and budget requirements of students.
This course is for level A1 of German and you are not expected to have any knowledge of German. After completing this course you will be able:
1. German Alphabets
German language uses English set of Alphabets but there are four more letters added to complete the language. The pronunciation for letter in German differs from English and students will be learning how native speakers pronounce them.
2. German Articles (Artikel)
In English the word “the” is used in the same way for masculine nouns, feminine nouns, singular as well as plural nouns. However, in German language it defers. Der means the in German but it takes different forms depending on gender, tense, number, etc. Students will be learning all the forms in this course (excluding the Genitive Tense).
3. Nouns (Deklination von Substantiven)
There are many rules which hold in English but not in German. For example, every noun must start with a capital letter irrespective of its position in the sentence. Moreover, nouns have gender and hence the article will be decided according to that. Students will learn basic rules and list of nouns used in everyday life.
4. Nominative Case (Nominativ)
Nominative is the most basic case which can be recognized from the question word of the sentence. If a student can ask someone with a “Who?” or “What?” that will be called Nominative Case. Moreover, students will also learn about transitive and intransitive verbs.
5. Accusative Case (Akkusativ)
Accusative comes second in the list of cases and can be recognized from the question word of the sentence. If a student can ask someone with a “Whom?” or “What?” that will be called Accusative Case.
6. Dative Case (Der Dativ)
After you are familiar with the above cases you can move on to Dative Case. You will be learning more verbs than transitive and intransitive verbs.If a student can ask someone with a “To whom?” that will be called Dative Case.
7. The Plural (Der Plural)
One cannot form plural of every noun in German by adding ‘s’ in the end. There are around 10 different ways to do so. Students will be learning and practicing all those endings to form plurals.
8. Personal Pronouns (Personalpronomen)
To interact with anyone the first thing you need to do is greeting them and hence one must be familiar with personal pronouns. It is the substitute of a noun such as ‘He’ for a man or a boy, ‘She’ for a girl or a woman and ‘It’ for neutral nouns. There are other personal pronouns as well for plural and they will be discussed in this unit as well.
9. Preposition (Präpositionen)
Preposition indicates the position or place of an object and in German they are categorized according to the above discussed two cases only (Accusative and Dative). Students will get a list of preposition and learn which to use according to the case of the sentence.
10. Conjugation of verbs in Present Tense (Konjugation von Verben im Präsens)
Conjugation is the process of changing the ending of verbs according to the tense. In thus unit students will know how to conjugate a verb when the sentence is in Present tense.
11. Conjugation of verbs in Present Perfect Tense (Konjugation von Verben im Perfekt)
In thus unit students will know how to conjugate a verb when the sentence is in Present Perfect tense.
12. Separable and Inseparable Verbs (Trennbare und untrennbare Verben)
There are verbs in German with prefixes and they can be distinguished between Separable and Inseparable Verbs. Students will get a list of common verbs and will learn to classify them.
13. Modal Verbs (Modalverben)
In English a modal verbs modifies the main verb and this is same in German. For example, can, may, shall, etc. are called modal verbs. In German the vocabulary and rules changes for these verbs according to the personal pronoun used and whether the noun is singular or plural.